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  • The Starting Over Textbook


  Goal:  
  To develop scientifically operational definitions of learning disabilities and dyslexia to provide a foundation for meaningful research, diagnosis, and intervention in order to maximize the potential of individuals with learning disabilities and dyslexia to lead independent and productive adult lives.  
  Dyslexia Working Group Definition  
 

Dyslexia is a specific learning disability that is neurological in origin. It is characterized by difficulties with accurate and / or fluent word recognition and by poor spelling and decoding abilities. These difficulties typically result from a deficit in the phonological component of language that is often unexpected in relation to other cognitive abilities and the provision of effective classroom instruction. Secondary consequences may include problems in reading comprehension and reduced reading experience that can impede growth of vocabulary and background knowledge.

 
  From the IDA Membership pamphlet 2009
The Truth About Dyslexia
 
 
  • Dyslexia or reading disability occurs in people of all levels of intelligence, including the intellectually gifted.
  • Dyslexia is not caused by lack of motivation or interest in reading. Lack of motivation to read and write may be a consequence of dyslexia, because reading is very taxing and difficult for a dyslexic individual.
  • Dyslexia does not mean seeing things backwards and is not indicated by reversals of letters or words, even though dyslexic students struggle with spelling and word recognition.
 
  The Starting Over Textbook  
 

The Starting Over Textbook supports the definition of dyslexia by providing diagnostic tests and instructional strategies that promote reading, writing, and spelling success.

 
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